Persian Miniature: from East to West
Shirin in the bath by Claudine Gillot
Enchantment by Helene Barrieu
Hunting scene with does by Ma Padioleau
As early as the 11th century in Persia, miniatures described heroes of epic literature and poetry. Persian miniature experienced a turning point with the invasion of Mongols and during the Timourid period (12th/ 16th century). This Chinese influence appeared in the drawing and material.
Persian paintings were first designed to illustrate texts; they have been done on separate paper sheets from the 16th century.
Out of the symbiosis between the Persian and Indian style will emerge the Moghol school in the 16th century. Humayun, Babur’s son (the foundator of the Moghol dynasty) discovered the Persian illustration work and paintings at the Persian Safavid Court in Persia (1501-1736). He chose two young Persian painters who accompanied him to India and brought their taste for illuminations or illustrations of manuscripts to the Court. Their role was vital in the evolution of the Indian miniature style.
Persian miniatures are a paradisiacal vision, materialized in the garden, featuring trees - that can make coexist the seasons - fall and spring - fountains, silver rivers, brightly coloured mountains and golden skies. All the beauty of Persian miniature comes from its magnificent colours and abundant finely elaborated details.
Bahram Gur and the princess of Iran
in te blue pavillion
by Claudine Gillot, 2021
Yousouf's celebration at the court before his wedding with Zoulayka, after a miniature by Cheikh Mohammad,
by Gérard Verrouil
Prince's head (ilkhanide period (mongol),
Rayy, Iran, by Ma Padioleau